Thermal pollution is one type of pollution that isn’t commonly spoken about. Instead, people focus on air pollution or the pollution that comes from trash. The fact of the matter is that thermal pollution is a very serious matter that businesses must think about. In some cases, complying with environmental laws will help to prevent a company from doing something that will lead to thermal pollution.
It is possible that some companies might not even realize that they are doing something that causes this type of pollution. One act that is commonly done that isn’t really considered carefully is using large amounts of water for cooling. This is done by many industrial businesses and power companies. Even small quantities of water can cause thermal pollution if they are being warmed up and then run off into a small body of water.
There are several reasons why thermal pollution is a serious problem. One of the most pressing is that as water warms up, there is less oxygen in it. This can affect aquatic plants, fishes and other animals that depend on oxygenated water.
At the same time as the oxygen is being impacted, animals start to experience metabolic changes due to the warmer temperatures. This leads them to consume more food, which can mean that the food sources in an area are wiped out faster than they can be replenished.
Other changes can also occur in the environment. All of these can have an effect on the natural habitat of wildlife. Over time, these changes will impact humans, which is why it is imperative that businesses comply with environmental laws that help protect the Earth.
Source: Natural Energy Hub, “What is thermal pollution. What are its causes, effects and how to prevent it?,” accessed March 21, 2018